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The growth of carrots is inhibited when planted near dill. Dill is an annual, but it will give you plenty of seeds in its first year. You can gather the seeds when they dry on the plant and replant it every year. It will self-sow, giving you a perpetual harvest of dill year after year, if you let the plants go to seed. I also planted marigolds Tagetes erecta near the carrots and beets. Marigolds are toxic to root nematodes.

Nematodes feed on plant roots, killing the plant and reducing yields. Growing marigolds next to vegetable crops removes root nematodes from the soil. Marigolds also feed pollinating insects, which help beans, melons, and squash. They are frost tender and will die after the first hard frost. The spent flower heads can be dried and the seed harvested from the base of the petals. Replant marigolds throughout your garden from your saved seed. While garlic, leeks, onions, and shallots are all from the same allium family as chives and do the same job, I like to use chives as a companion plant.

Chives are perennial, so you can keep dividing them every year to make more plants. They take up less space than other alliums. The more you harvest chives, the more they will grow. And their strong spicy scent confuses butterflies and moths , looking for the plants they prefer to lay their eggs on. Chives grown near carrots repel the carrot rust fly. Grown near strawberries , chives help to keep the strawberries disease free. Basil is often grown near tomatoes , peppers , and eggplant. It increases the yield of these plants and encourages vigorous growth.

It also improves the flavor of tomatoes. The scent of basil deters mosquitoes, flies, and horned worm caterpillars by masking the scent of the plants. Avoid planting basil near common rue, rosemary, or sage. Basil is a tender annual. It flowers near the end of the season. If you have a long growing season you will be able to save seed from your own plants. Plant parsley near tomatoes , corn, and asparagus. Avoid planting parsley near lettuce. It can cause the lettuce to bolt prematurely. Parsley is a biennial and will flower and set seed in its second year.

Allow it to overwinter, for a continual source of parsley seed.

Sweetly scented lavender plants repel a wide variety of flies and beetles, while attracting pollinating insects. Good companion plants in the veggie garden include cauliflower, cabbage, kale, and broccoli.

Does Companion Planting Work?

Companion planting with lavender also deters codling moths under apple trees. Lavender is a hardy perennial. Plant it in the middle of your garden where it can thrive and do its job. Like lavender, rosemary is a good companion for broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage because it confuses the cabbage butterfly. It also repels a wide variety of beetles and flies.

The flavor of sage improves when planted near rosemary. Avoid planting rosemary with pumpkins, and squash.

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Rosemary is a tender perennial. If you live in zone 8 or lower, plant rosemary in a pot and move it into a sheltered spot each winter, into an unheated garage or indoors, near a sunny window. Then you can move it around the garden as you rotate your brassica plants, the following spring. She teaches workshops and writes extensively about gardening, crafts, and medicinal herbs on her blog at JoybileeFarm.

Chris lives with her husband Robin in the mountains of British Columbia on a acre ranch, with sheep, dairy goats, llamas, and a few retired chickens.

How some plants grow better near some companions than they do when alone.

They have 3 adult children and 3 granddaughters. All photos courtesy of Chris. How funny, I planted marigolds near my carrots by accident! I always saw native bees on them, I loved it! How cool would it be to have a giant lavender bush in the middle of the garden!!

Companion Plants and How to Use Them

So I started growing almost all of them in pots sunk in the ground, or in decorative pots surrounding that garden, which has helped Tremendously! Category Lists Science Studies Degrees. Horticulture and gardening. Agriculture stock-free sustainable urban Arboriculture Botany Companion planting Crop most valuable Flora Floriculture Fruticulture Genetically modified tree Hydroculture Indigenous Intercropping Landscape architecture Oenology Olericulture Plant breeding propagation drought tolerance hardiness Pomology Postharvest physiology Tropical Urban agriculture horticulture forestry reforestation Viticulture Monoculture.

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ISBN 13: 9780722400715

Languages Dansk Magyar Edit links. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Fruit trees, [1] nightshades tomatoes, [2] capsicum peppers, [3] potatoes [4] , brassicas, [5] carrots [6] [7]. Carrots, [7] tomatoes, [8] carrots and African spider plants Cleome gynandra together, marigolds Tagetes spp.

The Complete Companion Planting Guide | First Tunnels

Beans [11] peas, [12]. Alliums are a family of plants which include onions, garlic, leeks, shallots, chives, and others. Tomatoes, [13] parsley [14] [15].

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  8. Aster family flowers, dill, coriander, tomatoes, [14] [15] parsley, [14] [15] basil, [15] comfrey, marigolds, nasturtiums [ citation needed ]. Coupled with basil seems to encourage lady bugs [ citation needed ]. Onion, garlic, potatoes, gladiolus [ citation needed ]. Cucumber, [15] soybeans, [10] strawberries [16].

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    Celery, [5] [15] strawberries, [11] [15] grains [17]. Fennel, [11] soybeans, [17] dry beans, [17] alfalfa [17]. Radishes, Corn [11]. Sunflowers, [11] beets, [11] brassicas, [13] kohlrabi [18]. Strawberries, Celery [20]. Broccoli, [5] bush beans, [11] [21] cabbage, [21] lettuce, [21] kohlrabi, [13] [22] onions, [13] brassicas, [21] [18] passion fruit [23].

    Bush beans, [13] [21] onions, [13] kohlrabi, [13] [22] catnip, [ citation needed ] garlic, [13] lettuce, [11] most brassicas, [11] mint. Runner or pole beans [13].